SCIENCE



COMPREHENSIVE SCIENCE
Grade 9
One Credit/Full Year Course

Comprehensive Science introduces students to key concepts and theories that provide a foundation for further study in other sciences and advanced science disciplines. Comprehensive Science comprises the systematic study of the physical world as it relates to fundamental concepts about matter, energy and motion. A unified understanding of phenomena in physical, living, Earth, and space systems is the culmination of all previously learned concepts related to biology, chemistry, physics, and Earth and space science, along with historical perspective and mathematical reasoning. The course provides inquiry-based laboratory experiences that engage students in asking valid scientific questions and gathering and analyzing information.

BIOLOGY
Grade 10
One Credit/Full Year Course

Biology investigates the composition, diversity, complexity, and interconnectedness of life on Earth. Fundamental concepts such as heredity provide a framework through inquiry-based instruction to explore the living world, the physical environment and the interactions within and between them. Students engage in investigations to understand and explain the behavior of living things in a variety of scenarios that incorporate scientific reasoning, analysis, communication skills, and real-world applications.

BIOLOGY: STUDY OF LIVING SYSTEMS
Grades 9, 10
One Credit/Full Year Course
Prerequisite: Completion of Algebra I with minimum of 87% or minimum of 95% in Physical Science/ teacher recommendation

This advanced Biology course uses a systems approach to investigate the composition, diversity, complexity, and interconnectedness of life on Earth. Fundamental concepts such as heredity provide a framework through inquiry-based instruction to explore the living world, the physical environment and the interactions within and between them. Students engage in investigations to understand and explain the behavior of living things in a variety of scenarios that incorporate scientific reasoning, analysis, communication skills, and real-world applications.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE (OFFERED IN 2017-18) The course will alternate years with Earth Science
Grades 11, 12
One Credit/Full Year Course

Environmental Science incorporates biology, chemistry, physics and physical geology and introduces students to key concepts, principles and theories within environmental science. Investigations are used to understand and explain the behavior of nature in a variety of inquiry and design scenarios that incorporate scientific reasoning, analysis, communications skills and real-world applications.

EARTH SCIENCE (OFFERED IN 2018-19) The course will alternate with Environmental Science
Grades 11, 12
One Credit/ Full Year Course

This is a broad study of Earth including its history and place in the universe, earth materials, and the processes that shape its surface. This course includes concepts from geology, oceanography, astronomy and meteorology.

BIOLOGY ll (Honors)
Grades 11 and 12
Prerequisite: Living Systems and Chemistry 1 with an 85% or higher average in each course, Work Ethic and Teacher Recommendation
One Credit/Full Year Course

Biology ll is an advanced course that expands and focuses on the topics of molecular biology, genetics, plants, animals, human physiology and ecology and behaviors. Students will investigate nucleic acids and proteins, cellular respiration and photosynthesis, defense against infectious disease, nerves, muscles and movements, excretion and plant science. Other topics included in this course will be neurobiology and ecology. This course is recommended for students who want to pursue a degree in a science or medical field.

CHEMISTRY
Grades 10, 11, 12
One Credit/Full Year Course
Prerequisite: Minimum of 87% in Biology or Environmental Science
Minimum of 85% in Geometry or Algebra II

Chemistry introduces students to key concepts and theories that provide a foundation for further study in other sciences as well as advanced science disciplines. Chemistry comprises a systematic study of the predictive physical interactions of matter and subsequent events that occur in the natural world. The study of matter through the exploration of classification, its structure and its interactions is how this course is organized. This course includes inquiry-based laboratory experiences that engage students in asking valid scientific questions and gathering and analyzing information. Investigations are used to understand and explain the behavior of matter in a variety of inquiry and design scenarios that incorporate scientific reasoning, analysis, communication skills and real-world applications. An understanding of leading theories and how they have informed current knowledge prepares students with higher order cognitive capabilities of evaluation, prediction, and application. Success in the course is heavily dependent on successful problem solving. A strong background in mathematics is required.

CHEMISTRY II (HONORS)
Grades 12
One Credit/Full Year Course
Prerequisite: 85% or higher in Chemistry I; Completion of Algebra 2 with an 85% or higher. Established work ethic and teacher recommendation.

Chemistry II is an advanced elective physical laboratory science course taught on a first year college level using a college text. Topics include stoichiometry, gas laws, quantum theory, electron configuration, bonding, molecular geometry, states of matter, kinetics, equilibria, acids and bases, thermodynamics, redox, nuclear and organic chemistry. Recommended for advanced track math students and future science majors.

PHYSICS (HONORS)
Grades 11*, 12
One Credit/Full Year Course
Prerequisite: Completion of Algebra II and Chemistry 1 with an 85% average or higher in each courses, established work ethic and teacher recommendation.
*Juniors who have completed Biology: Living Systems and Chemistry must take Physics to meet the Physical Science Requirement from the State of Ohio.

Physics elaborates on the study of the key concepts of motion, forces and energy as they relate to increasingly complex systems and applications that will provide a foundation for further study in science and scientific literacy. Students engage in investigations to understand and explain motion, forces and energy in a variety of inquiry and design scenarios that incorporate scientific reasoning, analysis, communication skills and real-world applications. Success in Physics is heavily dependent on successful problem solving and a working knowledge of trigonometric functions. A strong background in mathematics is required.

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY (Honors)
Grades 12
One Credit/Full Year Course
Prerequisite: 85% or higher in Living Systems or biology, 85% or higher in Chemistry, established work ethic, and teacher recommendation

Anatomy and Physiology uses a systems approach to examine many aspects of the human body. This is an academically challenging course that uses a college-level textbook and laboratory manual. In addition to body systems the course covers cytology, histology, and biochemistry. Dissections (including a cat dissection) are used to develop comprehensive skills in comparative anatomy.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION I
Grade 9
One-fourth Credit/Semester Course
Required for freshmen

PHYSICAL EDUCATION II
Grades 10, 11, 12
One-fourth Credit/Semester Course
required for students that do not participate in Athletics, Cheerleading, or Marching Band

HEALTH
Grade 9
One-half Credit/Semester Course
Graduation Requirement

Students will study the basic functions of the human body, its care and maintenance, and the prevention of disease, physical, social, and emotional. They will also become aware of the many health problems in today’s society such as smoking, drug and alcohol abuse and sexually transmitted diseases.